Antique Imari Ware Imari (伊萬里)ware from the Genroku era (1688-1704), characterized by an indigo base overlaid with gold, red, green or yellow designs, is sometimes known as kinrande(金襴手) for its similarity to golden brocade. Japanese porcelain, emblematic of the merchant class who rose to prominence in this age of prosperity, charmed European consumers and vast quantities of this “china” where shipped to Europe through outlets like Dutch East India Company.
The History of Antique Imari Ware
The initial output is very small in the earliest, and the drawing technique is still learning to imitate the Chinese Jingdezhen porcelain pattern, but there are looking great, the scattered white flowers, and the use of repaired gold paint traces. The continuation pattern has a wave pattern on the inside.
In the middle of the 17th century, Antique Imari Ware style was characterized by strong color expression, especially dark green, and the whiteness was expressed. The back of the dish was dyed and treated with flowers and grasses. The initial side of the plate and the back were all produced by the craftsman. Draw flowers and flowers, the lines are not right, but are drawn along the body organically. The closer to the modern, the more the floral pattern drawing(唐草繪製) is drawn, the floral pattern drawing is also an important basis for judging the age.
At the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century, the gorgeous drawing was a symbol of Genroku era culture. The kinrande was especially refined and outlined in Phnom Penh. In the middle of the plate, the squid symbolizing prosperity, echoing and weaving patterns and wild rock culture echoes. In the dish, floral pattern draws a copy of the Chinese kinrande, and draws a window to draw a chrysanthemum kinrande.
At the end of 1630, Kyoto began to document the records of Iri (Imari). So that Imari was burnt all over Japan. In 1640, the technical firing of Imari was matured, and the text was drawn on plain white porcelain. In the same way, the color is stable and bright, and later developed the technique of "color painting". In the beginning, a pattern called "Wu Shou" (吳須)was used to paint a blue color, and under the transparent glaze, a technique called "dyeing"(染付) was described, that is, Chinese blue and white.
The "color painting" is to increase the red, yellow, green and other colorful colors to be painted and then burned. It is developed in Chinese style and is also known as "SHONZUI"（色繪祥瑞）. The above picture shows the outline of the red line.
In the second half of the 17th century, Imari was the main exporter of various styles, and its firing technology has also grown dramatically. In order to meet the needs of overseas exports, the quality of porcelain must be excellent, so the development of the "Kakiemon style"（柿右衛門樣式） was completed. Its chic composition and colorful colors made the European aristocracy deeply fascinated and further influenced the Western porcelain. In the period of the Yuan Lu, the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century, the kinrande of the dyeing, coloring, and gold glaze was born at the peak of the color painting of Imari. It was the most representative of the 18th century in Japan. The style of persimmon is more than red and gold, and new colors are green and yellow green.
The Imari that similar to the color of the washed rice water, add the dyed glaze, the decorative pattern is gorgeous, mainly for the noble family such as princes as a customized order, the craftsman draws one by one, very meticulous.
The value of "Imari" is not only about its quality, but the value of the higher level lies in the rich colors and patterns. Depending on the style, the porcelain produced in Imari is mainly divided into three categories: white porcelain texture, the upper red glaze is called “Kakiemon” (柿右衛門), and one is delicately depicted call " Nabeshima "（鍋島）, but the most classic is the ancient name, "Antique Imari"(古伊萬里) with rich colors and luxurious style.
Imari's porcelain craftsmanship is nothing but an important historical asset for Japan. In 1977, Japan also designated "Imari Ware" as a national traditional handicraft, not only for living ceramics, but also for a long time. Imari, which is gradually increasing in value, is a definitely worth collecting antique.
「古伊萬里」（Antique Imari Ware）是中古的名詞，之所以稱為「古」是它是江戶時代日本國內最早製作的瓷器。「伊萬里」是日本瓷器發展最早的一座城。來自日本元祿時代（1688-1704）的「古伊萬里」，其特徵是靛藍基部覆蓋有金色，紅色，綠色或黃色設計，有時被稱為”金襴手”，因為它與金色錦緞相似，繪畫功力細緻，金襴手描繪金邊更是當時諸侯貴族富商階級的人特別訂製才有如此繪圖，手製形狀大小各略有不同。日本瓷器，象徵著在這個繁榮時代崛起的商人階層，吸引了歐洲消費者和大量從荷蘭東印度公司（Dutch East India Company）運往歐洲。
參考資料： 《 古伊萬里の誕生 》；作者 ／ 伊藤和雅； 出版社 ／ 吉川弘文館
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